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Jewish Law GF

Page history last edited by Jasmin Shinohara 4 years, 9 months ago

Home--Documentation

Genre/Form Terms for Jewish Law

Including LC Feedback on JTS Proposal, rev. June 19, 2010

 

JTS Proposed G/F

LC

Recommendation

Topical

Equivalent

Hierarchy/Scope
Application
LC Notes

AJL Notes, Comments,

Questions

Amoraic literature*


Defer
Establish 150 Amoraic  literature for critical works?
Include in the proposed hierarchy under Rabbinical literature
Assign to every ed. of Talmud or just to collections of such literature?

Not solely legal. Should be considered for the religion G/F list, rather than the law G/F list?


 
Gittin
Gittin
Get (Jewish law) sh 92002628  for process of writing, obtaining… (Need to pluralize or retain in singular, as it refers more to the concept rather than the object?)
   

Determine appropriate form per SHM H 315 on foreign terms; Cf. Webster’s: Gittin.


 
Harsha’ot

Do not include

      Could be covered by the generic Legal instruments, or by Permits in the law or non-disciplinary lists, if such a term is proposed and approved.
 

Hatarot Hora'ah


Do not include

Reference to

“$x Ordination” 


    Not legal in Jewish context. Could be covered by the English equivalents Rabbinic ordination certificates or Ordination certificates in the religion G/F, if such terms are proposed and approved; it is noted that the latter could be used in Canon law.
 

Ketubot


Ketubot

Ketubah

sh 85072105  (Need to pluralize or retain in singular, as it refers more to the concept rather than the object?)
 

Note: Works comprised of reproductions should be assigned the appropriate G/F term for the document  


Determine the appropriate G/F form per SHM H315; Cf. Webster’s:  Ketuboth, Ketubot, Ketubahs, etc. ; EJ: Ketubbot; Should the generic English term Marriage contracts be established? 
 
 
JTS Proposed G/F

LC

Recommendation

Topical

Equivalent

Hierarchy/Scope
Application
LC Notes

AJL Notes, Comments,

Questions

Ketubot de-irkesa Do not include
      This term (for replacements for lost marriage certificates) is thought to be too specific and could be represented as an upward used for reference to the G/F term Ketubahs, or could be covered by the generic Legal instruments.
 

Luhot


Do not include

Jewish calendar

sh 5018839

As 150, retain in the singular
    Not specifically legal;   As a G/F term, Calendars could be considered for the non-disciplinary list, or Religious calendars or Jewish calendars could be considered for the religion list. 
 

Midreshe Halakhah


Halakhic midrashim


Halakhic midrashim

sh 85058402 Retain for critical works.
Include in the proposed hierarchy under Rabbinical literature
     

Minhagim*


Defer 

Judaism—Customs and practices

sh 85070840
    Could be covered by Customary laws?  Not specifically legal;   As a G/F term could be considered for the non-disciplinary list or for the religion list.
 

Mishnayot**


Do not include 


 


    This term is coextensive with the uniform title Mishnah (or Mishnah. Selections)
 
JTS Proposed G/F

LC

Recommendation

Topical

Equivalent

Hierarchy/Scope
Application
LC Notes

AJL Notes, Comments,

Questions

Periodicals on Halakhah
Do not include
      Individual terms should not be developed for periodicals in each discipline.
 
Peturim
Do not include
      This term (for receipts for Gittin) is thought to be too specific and could be represented as an upward used for reference to the G/F term Gittin, or could be covered by Legal instruments.
 
Responsa 
Responsa (Jewish law)

Responsa

sh 85113223

Responsa

--1040-1600

sh 85113225

Responsa

--1600-1800

sh 85113226

Responsa

--1800-1948

sh 85113227

Responsa

--1948-

sh 97004482
    The term is already included in the law G/F list with the qualifier (Jewish law) to differentiate from other types of responsa. Cf. 150 Responsa, subdivided by appropriate period subdivisions, should be retained for critical works (and will require the addition of qualifier Jewish law). Currently collections of responsa limited to a period are assigned a chronological subdivision; however, G/F terms do not allow for chronological subdivision, so further consideration must be given to whether/how to retain the chronological subdivisions.
 

Rishyonot


Do not include
      This term could be covered by the generic Legal instruments, or by Licenses or Certificates in the law or non-disciplinary G/F terms lists, if such terms are proposed and approved. 
 

Shetarot harsha'ah


Do not include
      This term (for documents authorizing sale of Hametz) could be covered by the generic term, Legal instruments, or by Powers of attorney, if proposed and approved. May be doubled with 150 Hametz
 
JTS Proposed G/F

LC

Recommendation

Topical

Equivalent

Hierarchy/Scope
Application
LC Notes

AJL Notes, Comments,

Questions

Shetarot mekhirah


Do not include
      This term (for bills of sale for Hametz) could be covered by the generic term, Legal instruments, or by Bills of sale, if proposed and approved.  May be doubled with 150 Hametz.
 

Takkanot


Takkanot

Legislation (Jewish law)

sh 96009201; Consider changing topical  to match G/F
    This term (for ordinances enacted by a governing board of a Jewish community) has no equivalent English term; Takkanot is E.J. form.   
 

Talmudim**

 NT:  Talmudim Yerushalmiyim


Do not include
      This term is coextensive with the uniform titles Talmud and Talmud Yerushalmi (or Talmud. Selections and Talmud Yerushalmi. Selections)
 

Tannaitic literature*


Defer
Establish 150 Tannaitic literature for critical works?
Include in the proposed hierarchy under Rabbinical literature   
Assign to every ed. of Talmud, Mishnah, Tosefta, Baraita, or just to collections of such literature?

Not solely legal. Should be considered for the religion G/F list, rather than the law G/F list?


 

Tena’im


Do not include

Betrothal (Jewish law)

sh2001009602
    Establish Betrothal agreements for law list; Tena’im could be considered for addition as a UF in that it is not simply a translation of the heading, but rather the use of a general term (conditions) with a specific meaning in this context.
 
JTS Proposed G/F

LC

Recommendation

Topical

Equivalent

Hierarchy/Scope
Application
LC Notes

AJL Notes, Comments,

Questions

Te’udot


Do not include
      Proposed for Bar Mitzvah, Bat Mitzvah, Berit Milah, Confirmation, Consecration, Naming, Excommunication, including Herem, Niddui, Shamta certificates; Examples are chiefly not legal terms; Terms could be covered by a generic English term, such as “Certificates,” in the non-disciplinary G/F terms list, by “Life cycle certificates” in the religion G/F list, if such terms are proposed and approved, or in some cases, by “Legal instruments” in the law G/F list. 
 
Toseftot*
Do not include
      This term is coextensive with the uniform title Tosefta (or Tosefta. Selections
 
N/A

Defer:

Baraita*

Baraita

sh 90002498


Include in the proposed hierarchy under Rabbinical literature   
  Not solely legal. Should be considered for the religion G/F list, rather than the law G/F list?
 
N/A

Do not include: Bibles*


      The Hebrew Bible is a source of Jewish law, as are other categories of literature under consideration for this list; however, Bible is a uniform title, so it should be excluded.  Sacred scriptures could be considered as a G/F term for law and/or religion. 
 
N/A

Codes (Jewish law)


Jewish law—Codification?

Here are entered codifications of Jewish law compiled by individual authors, including restatements presented in a codified format;

UF Restatements of Jewish law
Assign to every edition of Shulhan arukh (and its parts) and the other halakhic codes? 
   
JTS Proposed G/F

LC

Recommendation

Topical

Equivalent

Hierarchy/Scope
Application
LC Notes

AJL Notes, Comments,

Questions

N/A

Defer:

Midrash*


Include in the proposed hierarchy under Rabbinical literature.
    Not solely legal. Should be considered for the religion G/F list, rather than the law G/F list?
 
N/A

Defer: Rabbinical* literature


Rabbinical literature

sh 85110182


 

For “ Rabbinical literature,” and other terms in the hierarchy (e.g.,  Amoraic literature), should one assign as many levels of the hierarchy as pertain to the individual work, or only assign the most specific applicable term? Or should there only be a broad heading with upward references to cover the more specific G/Fs?


Not solely legal. Should be considered for the religion GF list, rather than the law GF list?

Note: For now, critical works continue to be assigned the topical heading subdivided by $x History and criticism

(e.g., 650 #0 Rabbinical literature $x History and criticism), but eventually, the coding 150/650 and enhancements to browse displays  will be sufficient to signify that a work is about the genre, and may make use of the subdivision obsolete. 


 

 

*Crossover terms that should also be considered for religion G/F list  

 

**Genre/Form Terms and Uniform Titles:

LC stakeholders were in general agreement that G/F terms should not be developed for specific named works (e.g., Mishnayot) since individual works are already identified by their respective uniform titles (e.g., Mishnah or Mishnah. Selections).  Note, however, that  per SHM H2190 Texts 3b,  there is a precedent for establishing  form headings coextensive with uniform titles for types of liturgical works and assigning them to individual specimens of  such works (e.g., 650 #0 Haggadot $v Texts). This practice will need to be reconsidered when developing the G/F list for religion.

 

Proposed Rabbinical Literature Hierarchy

 

Rabbinical literature (sh 85110182)

 

Amoraic literature

BT Rabbinical literature

UF Talmudic literature?

 

[Note: There is literary warrant for representing the phrase “Talmudic literature”; however, Talmud has the dual meaning of referring only to Gemara or to the whole Talmud (both Gemara and Mishnah).  Therefore, “Talmudic literature” could be established as a separate heading, resulting in a different hierarchy among the headings overall.]  

 

Tannaitic literature

BT Rabbinical literature

UF Mishnaic literature?

 

Baraita (sh 90002498)

BT Rabbinical literature  (this is current BT, but could be Tannaitic literature, if established)

 

Midrash (sh 85085046)

BT Rabbinical literature

 

Halakhic Midrashim (sh 85058402)

(should be BT Midrash and BT Jewish law) (include in Law list)

 

Geonic literature (sh 85054171)

BT Rabbinical literature

 

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